When you are appearing for IELTS India, you need to prepare sufficiently for the writing, reading, listening and speaking sections of the test. There are two tasks in the writing section. The first task of the writing section in the Academic test involves graphs and diagrams, which the student is expected to study in detail and describe.
The report is to be read by a university lecturer and hence the language used should be suitably academic in tone. There are different types of graphs that could be presented in Task 1 of the Academic version when preparing for IELTS India. These could be a single line graph which consists of a single line showing a trend. For instance, this could be about the gold sales in a country during a particular year. Here the x-axis might show the twelve months from January to December and the y-axis will show the amount of sale for each month.
In the above line graph, the information should be presented more in the form of trends rather than giving one statement for each month, which will become just a repetitive statement. The first two statements could say that the line graph shows the gold sales during a particular year. Next, you can mention when the sales were consistent or rather steady, when it rose sharply and when there was a steady decline. You could also mention when it reached its peak and when it almost doubled or halved. Yu could add that the sales recovered to its previous levels (if applicable according to the graph) and so on. Finally, in conclusion of this task of the IELTS India, you could make a general summary statement by saying that that the early part of the year saw a general increase/decrease and then later there was a slump/steady period/decline, as applicable.
Sometimes, you may be given a double line graph which should also be handled in the same manner as above. But here you may have to make comparisons between two products or two events. Hence, you must present the similarities in the trends of the two items as well as the contrasts or differences in the trends of the two items under consideration.
Another type of graph in the 1st task of Academic writing in the IELTS India might be in the form of bar graph, which might be single, double or even triple bar graphs. Here, a lot of data is presented and hence one has to make a lot of general statements. For instance, the x-axis might present different age groups and the y-axis might show the earnings of the age groups.
Within the age groups, the data might show two bars on the x-axis one of which is for graduates and the other is for non-graduates. Since there are too many age groups and also within each group there are two types of groups, it might be very difficult to describe each one in detail within 150 words. In such kinds of multiple bar graphs, it would be a good idea to group the information rather than describing each one independently.
You could choose any two significant features and describe the trends relating to this data. Another way is to see if the wages are the similar for two or more age groups. If this is so then they can be clubbed together and the information can be described in one sentence for all those age groups. Make comparisons where there is a sharp contrast or where there is a sharp similarity, as these are the striking or unique features of the graph. Then, think about a final point to describe the graph as a whole, which can be your concluding line. By practicing such line graphs and bar graphs, you can write successfully to obtain a good band score for the IELTS India in the writing section Task I of the Academic version.