The important aspect of the IELTS exam is to assess the student’s ability to understand and communicate in the English language in both academic and social contexts. The test aims at testing the ability to read and understand written academic or training language. It also tests the student’s ability to write assignments in a style that is suited for university studies. The other important aspect that the IELTS exam assesses is the capability of understanding the spoken language in both formal and informal conversational styles. The student is, additionally, tested on his ability to speak on general and in formal or informal situations.
In the writing section of the IELTS exam, for instance, the student is tested on his ability to analyze opinions and views. The student must be able to make a clear distinction between a fact, an opinion and a claim. Sometimes, they present you with a number of views or claims and ask you to write an essay on the argument given, where you can agree or disagree with the given statement.
There are many ways of supporting an argument which is the task presented in the Task 2 of the writing section in the IELTS exam. You can support your opinion with an example or with an anecdote from your own life, or even with another argumentative statement. Sometimes you may need to present an opposing argument or, in other words, refute an argument. For instance, the given statement might claim that politicians should be paid higher salaries. To refute this claim, you could just say that this is just a job like any other, and hence they don’t need any preferential treatment with respect to the salary.
In another instance, the given argument could conclude that the internet is a very valuable resource for children. If you wanted to refute the above claim, then you could say that this conclusion is open to differing opinions because there is a lot of uncensored material on the net. An argument which concludes that gambling is a menace in many ways and should be legally banned , could be refuted with another one saying that it also generates a lot of revenue for governments in the form of taxes.
Sometimes it is important to present the information given in the task 1 of the IELTS exam, which may be in the form of a graph, a diagram, process or a pie chart. Here, it is not possible to write a separate sentence for each of the items shown in the graph, as sometimes a great amount of detail may be present in the given graph. In this case, the student must be able to present the information in the form of complex sentences, which reduces the number of sentences but still gives the description by using a lesser number of words.
For instance, if you have the following information to represent in the IELTS exam – The graph is about the number of students in the US, the number of students in higher education has risen; the rise has taken place over the last five years. The three sentences can be combined as – In the given graph regarding student numbers in the US, the same has risen over the last five years. Another example of putting two or more simple sentences and combining them to form a shorter complex one would be – Students were asked what they expect to ear when they start to work; 40 percent of them expect to earn about $20,000; 2 percent expect to earn about $50,000. The information can be presented in short complex sentence in this manner – When students were asked about the expected income, 40 percent of them mentioned the sum of $20,000 while 2 percent quoted $50,000.
The student can, thus, practice many such exercises in order to put a large amount of data into a small space of 150 words.