IELTS preparation requires a comprehensive study of the four aspects of reading, writing, speaking and listening. The two modules consist of the General Training and the Academic Training module. The writing task differs for both the modules.
The time available for both the writing tasks is just one hour and hence you will not have a lot of time for preparing the answer. The examiner, however, is looking for a clear structure in the response. One must keep a simple style while describing the chart or the graph. It would be better if the student thinks for a few minutes regarding the introduction of the task for both the modules for IELTS preparation.
While interpreting graphs and tables or any other graphic information in the Academic module, you must write about facts and trends. Another important part of the presentation is that one must compare and contrast the information that is given. In order to practice for this task, you can find some graphs or charts and study the given data carefully. Make a note of all the information that is given on both the axes of the graph or the labels. Then select one or two aspects that you feel are important and then try describing the trends that the graph shows with respect to the important aspects.
Some of the questions might deal with the description of a process. In order to practice for this, the IELTS preparation requires that you try to describe a simple every day process such as doing up a tie in as few words as possible.
As an important part of IELTS preparation, when you want to link up your ideas it would be nice to use link words such as first, second and so on. When you want to add an extra point you could use words like moreover, furthermore, in addition and so on. For presenting a contrasting idea words like on the other hand, conversely, in contrast, in comparison, yet, nevertheless, nonetheless, likewise, however, whereas, in spite of and so on could be used to add flair to your sentence.
When you describe charts or graphs or diagrams, it is significant to remember for the IELTS preparation that your ability to describe factual information clearly and accurately is being tested. You must keep in mind that factual information is different from an opinion. Factual information is very objective and there can be no two opinions on it.
The factual information in a pie chart or a graph can be presented in different ways. If it shows fifty out of twenty students enjoy a particular activity, you could mention the exact numbers. Alternatively, you could make a statement saying that half or fifty percent of the students enjoy the activity. Another way of presenting this kind of fact would be by using general terms like most, a few, some, many, very few, hardly any and so on.
For IELTS preparation, when the student is required to explain line graphs for the Academic module he can use words like rise, increase, peak and so on if the line shows an increase over the time. For a falling line graph he can use words such as fall, drop, decline or a dip. If there is a sudden fall in the trend then words like sharp or dramatic fall, considerable fall or rise can be used. If the line graph shows a steady trend then words such as a gradual rise, a steady rise or fall can be used. Other terms to use for expressing different positions in a graph would be by stating that the item has reached a peak, reached a plateau, remained stable, hit the lowest point, remained the same and so on. These tips for expressing the various trends should be kept in mind during IELTS preparation.