It is important for a student planning to study in a university or college or a school to be able to write coherently and in a relevant manner. IELTS Academic writing is aimed at assessing this ability of the student. You may need to write short essays or reports in the course of your studies. It is therefore very important that the student learns to express himself clearly and also writes in a variety of styles and organize ideas in a careful manner. There should also not be a lot of grammatical errors and the sentence formation should be fairly accurate.
Both the Academic and the General Training module have two writing tasks. The IELTS Academic writing consists of a task to do with charts, graphs, diagrams or any other pictorial description and the second consists of an argument which you need to support with examples. Sometimes it is important to make concessions in your argument and not sound too dogmatic. It is necessary at times to agree that there are other sides to the coin and that there could be other arguments that might differ from your own opinion.
Linking words that could be used for showing such concessions in an argument in the IELTS Academic writing task 2, would be – although, despite the fact that, while, admittedly, certainly and so on. Sometimes it may be necessary to refute an argument forcefully and this can be done by rejecting an argument which you totally do not agree with. Some of the grammatical structures you can use in this case are – I am unconvinced that, I don’t believe that, It is hard to accept that, there is little evidence to support the , it is unjustifiable to say that and so on.
Good paragraphing is very important and the argument task of the IELTS Academic writing task 2 requires careful planning along with good vocabulary, good spelling and punctuation. It is also important to be able to build complex sentences as credit is given in the IELTS Academic writing task for such structures. One can make a complex sentence by combining a number of simple sentences which are well linked together with the appropriate link words. It is very important that the student shows his ability to control such complex structures but one must not overdo it.
There should be a good balance of both simple and complex sentences and it is not necessary that every sentence is a long one linked with link words. Sometimes a short and cryptic statement can have a greater impact than a long-winding complex one. Correct English and spelling along with proper grammar is essential. The use of vocabulary should be intelligent without being unnatural.
In addition, the student must not get emotional in his argument but remain very practical and neutral in tone while analyzing the argument. When you look at the argument, pay careful attention to note whether an opinion is already present in it. You can either agree or disagree with the opinion in the IELTS Academic writing task 2. There is no necessity of using any technical jargon or expressions as it is expected to be read by a person with no specialist knowledge. You can add as many relevant examples and illustrations as you want. The ideas should be expressed clearly and try not to copy any sentences directly from the question itself.
After giving a clear introduction, the student can clearly state which side of the argument he is on. The conclusion must be of a resounding note which emphasizes your stand that you proposed in the introduction. The introduction and conclusion must be compact and precise without beating about the bush. Finally, take care not to exceed the word limit of 250 to a very great extent. The IELTS Academic writing task 2 should not be longer than 300 words and should not be less than 250. Hence, some time should be set apart for counting the words.