The IELTS General writing has two tasks and the first task is in the form of a communication. A situation is given to you and you are asked to write a letter in order to achieve a certain objective. The letter is to be written in a clear way so that the reader of the letter can clearly understand the message and the purpose of the letter.
This task of the IELTS General Writing will present a situation and you have to write a letter in the first person and imagine yourself in the situation. For instance, the question might ask you to put yourself in a situation where you recently went to the supermarket and when you got home you found that you were charged for items that you did not buy. You are then asked to write a letter to the supermarket manager explaining the situation and asking him to take the necessary steps for rectifying the matter.
In the above task of the IELTS General writing task, it is important that you put yourself in the situation and imagine how you would react to the situation and write a letter accordingly, using the first person, namely ‘I’. As a start, you could use the following terms – I am writing with regard/reference to, I am writing to express my concern/dissatisfaction regarding, I would like to draw your attention to.. and so on.
These letters could be of four types such as a complaint or a request for some kind of information. It could sometimes be a formal business letter or an application letter for a job. Alternatively, it could also be just a personal letter. All kinds of letters require three important aspects such as the structure, vocabulary and fluency of language. There must be at least three paragraphs and every paragraph has its own objective.
The first paragraph of this task in the IELTS General Writing should define the purpose of the letter in about two to three sentences. The second paragraph must explain the reasons for writing the letter and explain the situation. The third paragraph must discuss the kind of action or answer or response that you expect in the situation.
The language fluency is also an important aspect of the IELTS General Writing. You can read a few sample IELTS letters in order to know the kind of language to be used. It is also important to use the right vocabulary and appropriate words. You need to keep the tone more formal in case of writing a complaint, business letter or an application for a job. But in case of a personal letter, the tone can be a little more informal.
Try to understand the situation properly by reading the question two to three times. You will not gain any marks if you write a response that is not related to the problem presented in the question. For instance, in the above example of a letter to the supermarket manager, you will first have to use your imagination and put yourself in the position of the person and then explain the situation. All details that you need to mention will be the date of your purchase, the details of the items that you did not purchase, the time that you noticed the error, the name and the location of the store and so on. You may also need to include the details of the cashier and the total amount of the bill against what should really have been charged in order to reclaim the balance amount. The method of payment could also be mentioned, such as credit card, cash and so on.
Thus, in tackling the IELTS General Writing task 1, you need to use your imagination but make sure that you are realistic and reacting in accordance to the situation.